Rev. Frederick Dibblee's Diary|
The 104th Regiment of Foot (the New Brunswick Regiment) 1803-1817
Other information about Rev. Frederick Dibblee, and his children
I was contacted by Doug McLean, the grandson of Nancy Joan Dibblee, 2x great granddaughter to Rev Frederick by way of Col John Dibblee, his eldest son. He has found among her effects, very excitingly, a large part of what is missing from the existing versions of the diary. What is more, these appear to be in Rev Frederick Dibblee's own hand-writing. Here they are, with transcripts (to the best of my ability).
The complete diary (or as much as I have been able to find) is here.
|Page 1||1812 - 1813 Jan 1|
|Page 2a||1813 Feb 14 - Mar 20|
|Page 2b||1813 Mar 21 - Mar 29|
|Page 3a||1813 Mar 30 - Apr 8|
|Page 3b||1813 Apr 11 - Apr 20|
|Page 4a||1813 Apr 21 - May 2|
|Page 4b||1813 May 3 - May 19|
|Page 5a||1813 May 20 - June 4|
|Page 5b||1813 June 5 - June 17|
|Page 6a||1813 Nov 2 - Nov 25|
|Page 6b||1813 Nov 26 - Dec 10|
|Page 7a||1813 Dec 11 - 1814 Jan 3|
|Page 7b||1814 Jan 31 - Mar 1|
|Page 8a||1814 Mar 13 - Apr 9|
|Page 8b||1814 Apr 10 - Apr 22|
|Page 9a||1814 Apr 23 - Apr 30|
|Page 9b||1814 May 1 - May 9|
|Page 10a||1814 May 10 - May 20|
|Page 10b||1814 May 21 - May 30|
|Page 11a||1814 May 31 - Jun 9|
|Page 11b||1814 Jun 10 - Jun 24|
|Page 12a||1814 Sep 5 - Nov 17|
|Page 12a||1814 Nov 18 - Dec 4|
|Page 13||1814 Dec 5 - Dec 25|
We have had a most remarkable summer and fall that
ever we experienced - continually wet and cold. The crops very indifferent
indeed. Early wheat good, but late wheat hurt by
frost. Grass very good - no buckwheat, ruined by frost, and no
corn. Potatoes very poor in general. Peas not half a crop and oats
but middling. We fear there is not sufficient bread for our own
consumption. Some families not half enough. Bad indeed.
Altho' it has been a very cold fall, this is the first day that there has
been any ice in the River - but the ground has been covered with
snow 5 or 6 inches, some days, and we fodder as in winter
From the last date we have had continual cold, and snow,
and but one rain, only just to settle the snow. This day the
River closed up with ice, and pretty smooth considering the River
is vey high. But we suppose it will break again. There is
now a lot of snow on the ground, and no thaws. Lockwood at the house
with Jack. He would went home this week, but the
ice prevented him. His neighbour Snyder came the 11th of Decr. to
see what had become of him; his(?) family supposed him lost and (?dead).
Snyder crosses the river on the ice at Wolvertonton's
From last date, we have had several snow storms but
no winds and very good weather for Holy Days - Cold nights but
moderate days. There has been no heavy wind since the snow
? and no rain to carry off the snow. The snow is now very
deep for the time of winter. This day, Jack left home for Fredericton
with the first Draughted Militia. William found a substitute
for £6. Captn. Ketchum commands the Company. Jack Lieut.
Harry Morehouse Ensign. Snows a little, but moderate wind south
From the last date, it has snowed almost every other day, but
little at a time and moderate, there being no heavy winds. One
day very cold, the next wind rises at South, soon grows cloudy
and begins to snow, and then grows moderate. The snow seldom falls
more than 4 or 6 inches, but it has now almost covered
up the fences, the top rail only to be seen, and it is with great
difficulty that we get our fire wood. The snow is deeper than
for 12 years past at this date. Not one rainy day.
From the last date we have had cold windy weather.
Never was there such a winter. The snow has drifted in such
a manner that the roads are impassable - Charles Khetchum,
Betsy and Children were a week in coming from Prince William.
No rain but continual snow. The snow is now 3 1/2 deep
March 1st From the last date the weather severe cold and very windy,
no rain and the roads only passable for a single ?Sley and that
with difficulty. The 104 regiment are now on their way to
Canada. Charles Ketchum is gone to Kingston.
The weather still very remarkable. The snow is not settled
in the least either by rain or sun - amazing cold nights. The snow
is now 4 feet on a level. We never knew such weather at this
season. Walter Dibblee came from Fredericton, from hauling wood
Clear but soon clouds up from the south. Buried Lamie,
a soldier belonging to the 104 Regiment, who was taken sick on
his way to Canada with the Regiment, and returned to Mr.
Rogers' where he died. Mr Jones came for me to visit Mr.
Burns who is very sick; left home 3 o'clock, and begins
to snow soon after from the south, and continues most of the night
Very cloudy - wind south. It snowed about 5 inches
last night. After visiting and giving the sacrament to
Mr Burns, set out for home, when it began to snow fast and
continued the whole day, and night. Never such a winter.
March 19th Appointed for a fast day.
Cloudy and snows very
fast, with the wind north and high. Snows blows in a surprising
manner, 9 o'clock clears off, but the wind very high which
drives the snow all into heaps. No church. Captn and Isac Smith
come from Fredericton, but the horses could scarcely walk, the snow
drifted in such a terrible manner. Never, never was there such a spring.
Clear still and very cold morning. The wind rises from the south
and there is an appearance of another storm, bad indeed. The snow is now
near 5 feet on a level and dry as the 1st January. No rain, and not
warmth from the sun to damp the snow so as to prevent it's
drifting into Heaps. It has scarcely thawed on my kitchen roof.
The roads are now impassable from the great drifts of snow and
in some places, you travel 10 feet above the tops of the fence.
This is from Wolvertonton's to Sam'l Lamb's. We greatly fear
that the cattle will suffer for want of fodder. No calves yet, and but one lamb.
March 21st Sunday
It began to snow at 3 o'clock and continued moderately most of the night. The
snow fell about 4 inches, wind south, but in the morning gets round to the
norwest and blows exceeding high, which drives the snow again all into
heaps. No church, the weather too bad. Richard Smith and his sister
arrived in the afternoon from Fredericton, having been 5 days coming up, the
roads being so bad, and their horse beat out. Never, never such a spring.
Cloudy morning, wind south, after a severe cold night. ?
calved last night. An appearance of another storm. Opened a hole
of potatoes. Ketchum, William and Boys getting them in; very good.
9 o'clock begins to snow and continues the rest of the day. Capt. Bull
and Lady spent the evening with us. Quite warm.
Cloudy and warm, but soon clears off. Wind west and high.
This day for the first time it thawed a little so to make the ?
damp. Capt. Hunter called in on his way down, having gone through Mrs
? with the 104 Regiment. Nicholas Cunliffe carried him to Mrs
Phillips's. Ketchum and William began to get timber. Myself cleared
out the church door. Afternoon an Indian came to help get timber.
Cloudy, wind north and very high, and it snows and drifts
in a most surprising manner. Never was there in this country such a season.
The roads and where we had shovelled out the snow are now all drifted full
again. Altho' it storms, Ketchum, William and the Indian were gone to get
timber. 12 o'clock, it stops snowing, but it drifts as bad as ever.
Clear, wind to norwest but not high. A snowy cold night and morning.
Jack Smith came to help Ketchum and William get timber. Fredk went to Mrs Johns.
John S Bentley came from Fredericton last night. Roads very heavy - he was 8 days gone.
3 o'clock grows moderate and thaws a little off the house, but not in the roads.
There is now 3 1/2 feet of snow at least on the ice in the River, and the ice so weak
that there is danger if you leave the road. This never happened before
at this season of the year. Mr Kean began to haul his hay from the church lot.
Clear and exceeding cold morning. Wind rises at west
and blows so as to drift the snow. Visited Capt. Smith with Betsy & Ketchum.
Capt Ketchum arrived on a visit to his family, and brought the good news
that General Harrison and 4000 men had surrendered without firing a shot.
Ketchum in the forenoon with William and John Smith getting timber.
Clear and still and very warm. It thaws today considerably.
George & Harry brought the Steer, that William bought of Mr Smith, home.
Ketchum & William getting wood. Afternoon warm indeed. The first
day like spring. Wolsey brought me letters from Jack and newspaper.
March 28th Sunday
Cloudy, wind sou-east. 3 o'clock begins to rain hard.
Quite chilly. George Bull arrived from Fredericton last night.
Cloudy. Misty morning after a very rainy night. The first
rain we have had this winter; the snow now settles fast. 2 o'clock
clears off very warm which melts the snow fast enough. Night,
wind gets Norwest. Fredk went and got chain mended and his
shoes. William gone to Wigwams for canoes for sap
Cloudy and warm but no rain. Ketchum, William and
Fredk began to fix camp for sugar. No sap yet. Night wind no-east.
Clear and cold morning. It froze hard last night. Preparing
for sugar. Afternoon Ketchum & William got wood. Night cloudy.
All Fools Day. Cloudy and cold. Lost a year old calf
last night. Fredk gone to Mill. Myself at the Spiles. Ketchum
and William at the camp. Wind north and cold. Snow goes slowly.
Clear and cold afternoon. William gone to bring Hhd from
Richard Smiths. Ketchum & Fredk getting wood. Afternoon Wm.
and Fredk at the camp. Still and warm; the sap begins for the first
time to run, but tapped no trees yet. Afternoon very warm. Visited
Mrs William Upham with Ketchum and Betsy, Mrs Dibblee and a large company
The snow was so soft that the horses broke down to the bellies in
the road. In returning, Mr Griffith's horse and Ketchum's, both
fell down, and they were obliged to unharness them to get them up.
A cold morning. Fredk gone to carry grain to mill and
bring a Rum Puncheon from Mr R. Smiths. Ketchum and
William began to tap their trees. 1 o'clock very warm, and the
sap runs very well indeed, but not sweet?. Night married Adam
Sharp and Elizabeth White Peabody by licence, Harriet and R. Smith with us.
April 4th Sunday
Clear after a smart frost. 10 o'clock grows very warm; a very
good day for sap. The cattle began for the first time to pick a little from the
ground along the bank, where the snow blew off. Afternoon very warm.
Clear after a smart frost. Ketchum, very early, went to Mill,
and brought the flour of 10 bushels of wheat and 2 of corn. Capt Ketchum and Shiner
??? on their way home, the Militia being dismissed.
The warmest day we have had this spring, and exceedingly good for sugar.
The snow goes fast, but there is yet a great quantity on the Improvements.
The boys tapping their trees as fast as possible. Began to boil down sap,
having caught yesterday about 3 barrels - from 160 trees. River rises.
Clear and warm. No frost last night, it being cloudy. Jack
got home before his breakfast. No sap today. Eight Navy Gentlemen
dined and stayed several hours, it being too soft to travel. They are
on their way to Lake Ontario, to take charge of our shipping on the
Lake. They left here for Philips's at sundown. The snow goes fast.
A very clear and cold morning. A severe frost. Never a
better day for sap. Early, Fredk brought a Rum Puncheon from
Richard Smith. Parks came to dress flax. Ketchum cut his face
just above his eye severely. Moved bag and baggage to camp.
Mrs Griffith & Mary drank tea with us.
The snow never went faster, and never was it warmer at
this season. The ice begins to break and the River rises very fast.
Clear and cold morning after a cold night. Wind rises at n west
and high, the best day as yet for sap. The ice goes fast and the River
rises. All hands at the camp but Jack, who is threshing oats. Maria
Heifer died last night. The snow does not go so fast as yesterday. Cold.
Cloudy morning after a frosty night. Little sap. They boys caught only
2 barrels. Sugared off better than a 100wt. Ketchum sick with his hurt.
Cloudy after a little rain in the night. No frost, of course no
sap. 12 o'clock clears off with the wind Norwest and high, but warm.
Jack threshing oats. The rest at the camp. Deb calved.
April 11th Sunday
A cold windy morning from north. Very little sap it being
too cold. The ice broke in the middle of the River and ran down to my lower line.
Clear and cold morning - seldom a colder day. 12 o'clock moderates.
Ketchum and Jack getting wood. Wm. and Fredk at the camp. Afternoon
Ketchum went to camp. Snow thesee two days, wetted very little; there is
now only here and there a little piece of ground bare on the Improvements, and
that where the snow blew off. The rest of the ground covered 2 feet deep.
Never such a spring. Boys sugared off 47 lb good sugar. Like now for good sap
weather. It runs this afternoon very well. Finished spiles - made 620.
Clear and cold morning but soon clouds up from the south.
The sap runs pretty well today. 12 o'clock begins to snow and then turns
to rain but moderate, wind very high at sou east. Boys at the camp.
Jack carried Captn Ketchum's Baggage to Mr. Wm Uphams's. Night rains
fast but quite warm. Preparing for Good Friday. Ice breaks slowly.
A very rainy morning after a rainy night. The sap runs all
night. Rains fast till 1 o'clock when it clears off. Very warm and still.
Boys at the camp, gathering and boiling down. Jack with
the horses and oxen broke the road to camp, but found the snow
very deep. Browna calved. Ice broke from my lower Bar
and ran down a small distance. The rain has settled the
snow very much, but there is yet small places bare.
Foggy morning and warm, no frost. The sap ran all
night. 12 o'clock clouds over. Night rains fast, wind south. Ketchum and
William sugared off 104 lb of good sugar. Ice broke from my upper Bar & fell
down. Jack & George brought up from the old garden the potatoes. They had opened
the post basket and box their way up and brought Jack's paper of 1st of April.
April 16th Good Friday
Cloudy and some snow from north. It rained very hard the most of last
night, and then snowed fast to cover the ground. The River rises very fast, and the
ice broke at Mrs Griffith's and came down to the jam at the lower end of my Interval.
Afternoon clear but cold. William, Fredk George emptied their troughs.
Clear after a smart frost, a good day for sap. The boys caught from
9 to 10 barrels. Jack went to his place. Sugared off 60 lb of good sugar.
The ice broke of Mrs Griffith's and down to the jam of my Interval, but it
is yet fast at Mr Bedell's. River rises slowly. Preparing for Easter.
April 18th Sunday and Easter
Clear cold morning after a very cold night.
No wind today and warm indeed. Never a better day for sap. The ice
remains as yesterday. A small congregation, no passing the river, and
on this side, they are making sugar. About one quarter of the meadow bare.
Cloudy and very warm, small wind at south. Little
frost last night and of course little sap. The snow now goes very fast
but there is not now half the Improvements bare; The jam of ice at
my Interval broke at 2 o'clock and ran down; and 2 hours before
sundown, the ice above came down and ran very thick til we
went to bed. Suppose it came a good distance. Boys caught only
3 barrels of sap. Boiling down. Harriet & Maria visited camp in
the evening. Jack relieved Ketchum & William this night.
Cloudy and foggy with some rain. No ice running to
day. William and Fredk at the camp. Ketchum mending shoes and Jack
fanning oats. No wind and the warm misty weather wastes the snow
Still cloudy and foggy all day without any wind. It rains by
turns all day. We know not if any ice had run these two days, it has been
so foggy that we cannot see the River. Wm and Fredk sugared off last night
better than 100 lb of good sugar. They have gone to finish what honey
they have today. Quite warm. Snow goes very fast; but deep in the ?
Cloudy, wind north and cold. It froze some last night which
makes the sap run considerable. William and Fredk sugared off 50 lb sugar. This
makes 460 lb. Dug the first parsnips but considerable frost. The snow
is now more than half off the Improvements. River rises very fast.
From the small ice passing today, we suppose the main ice has run, either
in the night or fog. Pink calved last night. Morning emptied their trough.
Clear and still, cold morning. It froze hard last night. A little wind
rises from the norwest, but quite warm. No better weather for sugar.
All hands at the camp. Jack dressing some flax. Began to spin for rope.
Cloudy and warm, very little frost, and of course very
little sap. The boys caught yesterday 12 barrels of sap. All hands
at the camp, but Jack at the flax. The ice done running. River rises.
April 25th Sunday.
Cloudy but no rain. Very chilly, wind nor-east.
Cloudy and still but no rain. Quite warm. The boys last
Saturday night sugared off 75 lb of sugar. No frost and no sap. Jack
gone to haul his wheat for threshing. Ketchum & William in the
woods. The snow is now almost off the Improvements, but in the low
places, and the sheep, horses and cattle pick considerable. The snow is
yet 2 feet in the woods. This afternoon Mr Raymond set out for Fredericton.
Clear and warm. Little frost. Some sap today. Jack came
from hauling his wheat. A small quantity of fine ice ran today.
Clear and pleasant morning. Fredk & boys gathering sap
for honey. Jack at the flax. Wm and Ketchum in the woods. Began to
fix garden. The River rises fast, a little ice today, which seems
to be the last. Spinning for ropes. The snow almost gone.
Clear and very warm. Ketchum & William begin
to haul their timber. Jack at the flax. Boys making honey.
Fixing garden. The River is now on the Interval. Grass grows
Visited Mrs Griffith with Betsy and Captn & Mrs Ball. Very warm.
Clear and warm as June. Jack getting rails. Wm
& Ketchum finished hauling their timber. Boys at the honey.
Sowed lettuce, peppergrass and peppers. Made ropes. River rises.
Clear and warm indeed. Ketchum and Jack getting rails.
William gone to help Thomas Griffith haul timber. Boys boil
sap for honey. River is now up to my Rock but does not rise
fast. Lile died. Planted cucumbers in a hot bed. Cloudy,
like for rain. the snow is now all gone but in the woods and low places.
May 2nd Sunday
Clear and cool morning. Little frost. No rain.
River is now half way up to the Rock, but does not rise fast.
Quite dry, grass grows and bushes bud - a good prospect.
Clear and cool. Considerable frost but made no sap. The River
almost done rising. Morning ploughed the garden. Afternoon, began
to plough the old pasture. Fixing garden. Brought in all the things from
the camp, having made 538 lb of sugar and several gallons of honey.
Clear and very warm day. River now fallen. It has been
a very moderate fresh, only just up to my Rock. Sowed my cabbage
plants, set out sage roots. Ketchum, Jack, boys ploughing
and burninging the Old Pasture. William at the rails. There is
yet snow in the low places but grass and bushes quite forward.<
Clear and warm. Ketchum, Jack with the boys clearing.
William finished hauling rails. Sick with headache. River falls fast.
Still clear but cool wind east. Clearing but Fred harrowing
for wheat. Set out parsnips, beets and carrots for seed. Digging garden.
The River continues to fall. Grass grows. A pretty good spring. Cherry calved.
Still clear and warm, wind south. Sowed one bushel wheat.
& Ketchum clearing. Fredk harrowing wheat. Wm with the boys gone
forenoon to take up their canoes at the camp, and take home the rest
of their things. Three rafts of timbers have gone down these two days.
A little cloudy. Some appearance of rain, which is much
wanted. All hands clearing but Fredk harrowing wheat. Sowed 2 bushels
of wheat. Planted some onions. Planted my new squash. The pepper
grass and lettuce is now up. The River falls slowly, and is yet on the Interval.
May 9th Sunday
Cloudy and little rain, wind sou-wast
Cloudy, wind sou-east. Sowed one bushel of wheat - Jack went to
work on his place. Visited Capn Bull with Mrs Griffith, Mr and Mrs Bull. Towards
night, rains very hard. The River falls slowly indeed and is yet in the Interval.
A very rainy day, wind no-east. Nothing done but cleaning wheat.
Cloudy and quite cool, wind no-east but no rain. Very wet and mild.
River rises fast. Ketchum & Fredk ploughing. William gone to
help Jack. Malory Raymond having come in sick. Boys clearing
Still cloudy and very cold. Ketchum, Fredk ploughing
River at a stand. Brindle missing. Hope she has gone to calve. Quite cold.
Partly clear and cold, wind nor east. It froze, ice last night. Nothing
grows but grass. The trees and bushes have not ? their buds these 6 days
owing to the cold weather. Several showers today. River begins to fall again.
Cloudy, cold morning, wind still at no-east. Several smart
showers today. Ketchum and Fredk ploughing. Boys planting potatoes in
the garden. Set some hyssop roots and scythe. Too cold to garden.
May 16th Sunday
Clear and little warmer. Jack and William came in last night
Cloudy, but warmer after cold night. William & Ketchum clearing
for wheat. Jack and George gone to his place to prepare to sow. River now
falls fast, but no eddy yet. Set long net where we fish for trout.
Cloudy, wind no-east and very cold. It froze the ground
Several heavy showers today. Cleaning wheat for Jack, and sowing.
Still cloudy and very cold. Caught first salmon. Nothing grows but grass. Sowed
2 3/4 peck of wheat. Harrowing annd clearing. William took Jack's
wheat and provisions to Mr Upham's where Lyon took them out and to help Jack. Set both nets in the eddies, but a small
eddy by the Old House.
Clear at last, but cold frosty morning. The wind is now getting to the
southard. It has been no-east for ten days and very cold. Harrowing and clearing
of the garden. Caught a salmon in the long net. The River falls very fast.
Clear and cold. It froze the ground considerable last night.
Ploughing and harrowing in the old pasture. Caught two salmon, one
in lock net. One very large. Digging for parsnips. Wind north and high.
Clear after a little frost. Ploughing and harrowing the new ground
in the old pasture for wheat. It now grows quite warm. Wind norwest, but
very little. No salmon. Digging garden. The peas have been up for
6 days, but have not grown til today, owing to the very cold weather.
May 23rd Sunday
Clear in the morning but soon clouds over with
the wind at sou-west, and like for rain. Wm and Sally Bull with us.
Cloudy and little rain but very warm. Everything now
grows surprisingly. Set both nets. Afternoon clear and warm indeed.
Clear and warm. Wind norwest. Sowed 2 1/2 bushels of wheat
making 8 1/2 bushels in the old pasture. Caught 3 salmon. Planted
William's onions yesterday. Today sow beets, carrots and parsnips.
Planted sweet peas & 'stertiums. Sowed more lettuce. Night cloudy.
Cloudy and very rainy forenoon. Caught one salmon.
Afternoon cleared. Warm indeed. William harrowing. Ketchum making fence.
Clear and cool, wind norwest, Caught one salmon. William
harrowing wheat. Ketchum making fence. Boys planting potatoes
Clear and very warm. Caught one salmon William ploughing
for corn. Fredk went to Jacks place to bring in his oxen. George came
with him. Jack has now sowed 2 1/4 of wheat. River rises fast.
Clear foggy morning and cold, but no frost. Caught one
salmon. William ploughing. Charles harrowing new ground.
Boys howing round stumps. Planted marrowfat peas and 15
hills of pole beans. Afternoon cloudy and rains a little.
These two last days must be moved back a day.
May 29th Sunday.
Preparing for Prince William.
May 30th Sunday
Mull calved. A very fine warm day at Prince William.
Showery all day. Came home, but from a severe thunder storm
when we were just below Mr Jeffrey's, got very wet. Boys caught only
one large shad while absent. Everything now grows finely.
Clear, wind norwest, cool. Ploughing and carting dung.
Clear and warm. Wind west and high. Sowed 2 bushels
of wheat, making in the whole, with Jack's, 12 1/4. Caught 2 salmon.
Clear and very warm. Began to plant corn. Ketchum and William
Dunging the Hills. Jack harrowing. Caught two salmon. Planted
pole beans and all my bush beans. It never was warmer.
Clear and warm indeed. Everything grows amazingly. Caught
2 salmon. Planting corn. Sowed potatoes, oats. Sowed 2 bushel
of peas. Jack harrowed them in. The River falls slowly.
Still clear and very warm. We never had 6 days so warm the first
week in June. Planting corn. Afternoon Jack began to plough down
the Spring for potatoes. Caught 2 salmon, one in Josamy Griffith's net.
June 6th Sunday
Finished planting corn in the lower field. Still clear and warm as ever. Very dry. Caught 4 salmon.
Still clear and very warm. Never warmer. Planting potatoes above the
Spring. Poled my peas. We want rain very much. But everything grows fast.
Cloudy and a little rain in the morning. Sowed 6 quarts of
flax seed. Captn. Bull, Mr and Mrs Bedell, Mrs Lookend and Mrs Griffiths
with us. Afternoon a very heavy thunder shower. Thanks be to God
for this great blessing. One salmon. Yesterday Mr P. Fraser drank
tea with us, and brought us good news. Planting potatoes.
Clear and warm, wind west. The rain has made every
thing start up surprinsingly. Finished potatoes above the Spring,
having planted there not quite 13 bushels. Jack ploughing for
oats and peas and barley. Put up scarecrows. The corn coming up.
Caught one salmon. Never a better prospect for good crops.
Clear and warm. Never a finer day for the crops. Wind north.
Finished planting potatoes, having planted about 25 bushels. No salmon.
My long net is now so rotten that numbers break thro' it.
Cloudy and heavy showers all day. Set out 395 cabbage
plants. Ketchum began to dig his cellar. Jack ploughing. Boys
mending fence. Caught a noble salmon. We never had so many
large salmon so early before. A thunder shower just at night.
Clear and cold morning. Wind norwest and soon rises high.
Sowed 2 bushels of barley. Jack still ploughing for peas oats and buckwheat.
William and Thomas Griffith drifted last night and caught 3 noble salmon.
June 13th Sunday
Clear and very cold morning. There would have been a
frost but the fog prevented it. Wm. and Thomas Griffth caught 4 noble salmon.
Clear and cold. Sowed 1/2 bushel of barley and 1 1/2 of oats. Fredk
harrowing. Ketchum at his celler. Jack ploughing. Wm at the fence.
Clear and cold. Wind no-east. Sowed 1 1/2 bushels of oats. Jack still
ploughing. William at the fence. Fredk harrowing.
Visited Mrs Dibblee.
William and Tommy Griffiths caught one salmon & one shad.
Clear and cold morning. Col. Hacket went down. Lockwood, who was here and went
away very early to Captn. Cunliffe's, found frost all over the ground from Mr M Smith's
to Capt. Cunliffe's, but we had none.
Sowed 2 bushels of peas. Fredk at the harrow. Jack finished ploughing for
this year yesterday, and today gone on Militia duty. Wm at the fence.
Clear and warm. Wind is now at south and some appearance of
rain which is much wanted. Sowed almost 3 pecks of buckwheat
which finishes the crop, having sowed 13 bushels of wheat, planted 2 1/2 rows
of corn, sowed 2 1/2 bushels barkey and 2 bushels of oats, 4 bushels pf peas
almost 3 pecks of buckwheat and planted 25 bushels potatoes,
and may God add a blessing to our labours.
We have had one of the best summers that we ever experienced
in this country. Very warm and more thunder showers than for
2 summers past. Wheat very good and better filled than usual.
Corn never better. Buckwheat uncommonly good. Oats peas
and potatoes never better. Thanks be to God for all his blessing.
The fall to this date never better. We had no frost till the 9th of
October, and then very little thro' the month. We are now digging
our last potatoes; we have a great crop of them, 500 bushels at
last. Very cold yesterday, wind north and cloudy. This morning
it began to snow, and completely covered the ground, but not
as cold as yesterday. Afternoon clears off warm, which takes off the snow.
Major Morehouse left here on Sunday morning Oct 31st with Walter
Davidson. William left home this evening for Fredericton in
Mr Philips's boat. He goes to St John if he has an oppotunity.
From the last date, very good pleasant weather, without any
frost, but this day cold and cloudy, and at night began to snow.
It snowed just to cover the ground, and at 10 o'clock turns to
hail mixed with some rain all day. Wind high and cold, no-east.
Still snow and hail very cold, wind north and high.
Cloudy, wind north. The snow and hail is now 7 or 8 inches
on the ground, and packed so hard we fear that it will not go off this fall.
Jack gone to Mill with Benjamin Griffith in Mr Bedell's large canoe
He took to mill 8 bushels of wheat, 3 of corn and 3 of buckwheat.
Clear at last after a still and cold night which has made a little ice
in the River for the first time. Afternoon quite pleasant. At night
William came home with Major Morehouse. Grows cloudy annd warm.
Cloudy and misty, wind sou-east and warm. William and
Major Morehouse gone up to Captn Smith's, after an American.
Afternoon begins to rain fast and very warm. River very high.
A little cloudy in the morning after a severe rain all
night which has carried off the hail and snow very much, but
the ground is yet covered. 12 o'clock clears off, very warm and
very muddy. Night Major Morehouse returned from Capt Upham
Nov 21 Sunday
Clear and pleasant indeed. Snow goes very fast.
Major Morehouse went after church to Captn Upham's, came back at night.
Cloudy but quite warm. Major Morehouse left here
after breakfast for home. Jack gone to work on his road.
William Bull and Sally came to make us a visit. Night clear.
Clear and pleasant as September. The snow almost gone.
Jack at his road. William and Fredk carting dung. Ketchum
finished his chimney. Very muddy. Night wind gets norwest.
A little cloudy but very warm. Mrs Dibblee quitting Fredericton.
The River is now very high, as good poling as summer. No
frosty nights for a week past. Never had so fine a fall.
Cloudy and some small rain, very warm. William and
Sally Bull went home. Carting dung. Night Jack came home.
Evening very rainy. Wind sou-east high.
Cloudy and some rain early. We had last night the greatest
rain we ever knew, and the small brooks higher than we ever
saw them. 12 o'clock clears off warm as Septr. Jack fixing barn.
William banking up the house. Boys making fowl house.
Peter Bull left home yesterday for Fredericton with 10 bushels of wheat.
Clear and still. A little frost last night. Jack at the
barn, William at the house, boys at the fowl house. River rises.
Nov 28th Sunday
Clear after a little frost. Wind norwest. Cool.
Clear and still. It froze the ground some last night.
William gone after our cloth. Jack fixing barn. Boys
threshing wheat. The River is now up to the alders.
Cloudy but quite warm. At the fowl house. Jack and Wm at the barn.
Cloudy and misty. Wind south. Very muddy. The cattle, horses and
sheep get almost their living in the fields. As good poling as summer.
At the fowl house. Boys at the barn. River very high.
Cloudy and some small rain all day. Peter Bull came
home from Fredericton on foot, having had his canoe stolen.
Boys fixing stables. We had last night a very severe rain
and towards day, some snow just to cover the ground, but is now
chiefly off. Towards night the wind rises at north and chilly.
Cloudy and snow squalls. Wind high at north and very cold.
Killed hogs, William Upham helping the boys & Ketchum.
Our hogs weighed 1203 1/2 and Ketchum's 425 1/4 - very good.
Cloudy and very cold. The ice today for the
first time thick and of very ???
and salted pork. William at work on the road. Ketchum
moved to his house. Towards night, clear and still.
Dec 5th Sunday
Cloudy but moderate and still after a cold
night. The ice very thick indeed, and slow. The River very high.
Cloudy but warm, wind south. Finished fowl house.
William on the road. Afternoon clear and pleasant indeed. Jack
at the barn. The ice begins to run off, and the River falls fast.
Cloudy and begins to rain after a little snow fall. Still
and very warm. Jack hooped the large ?fence for hams.
The rain continues all day, but moderate, The snow is now all gone.
Cloudy and misty morning but very warm. Salted my
hams for smoking. Jack at the barn. Afternoon clears off
very warm. We never had such a fall and winter so far. The
cattle, horses and sheep are picking all over the fields like September.
The ice is entirely done running and it is now as good poling as summer.
Cloudy and snows a little all day after some snow snow in the night.
Shut up cellar. Jack at the barn. Boys threshing. River very high.
Cloudy and still, but snowed considerable last night. There is now snow
on the ground about 7 inches. William and George Bull came from mill
with Mr Bedell's log canoe. William 4 1/4 bushels of wheat and 1 1/4 corn and
George Bull 8 bushels of grain. They went yesterday morning.
Night clears off, and still. Eliza Smith and Harriet Griffith
spent the evening with us, and John K. Smith.
Clear, after a still clear night, and of consequence, cold.
A little ice this morning running, but not to stop log canoes.
Remains still and clear all day, and therefore warm and pleasant.
Dec 12th Sunday
Cloudy and snows fast for a little time, and then cloudy the rest of the day.
A little coudy, wind norwest, but not very cold for the season. Jack at
the stables. William on the road. Ketchum killed his steer, very good.
Considerable ice running. River falls. The ice now lodges on my Bar.
Cloudy. Wind north, but not cold. Considerable ice today. Jack at
the stables. William on the road. Boys threshing. Mending chimney.
Cloudy. Wind noreast and warm, Jack and William at the Hovels.
Clear and still night and therefore cold, but never a finer winters
day. Thaws very much. Drank tea with Betsy, Mrs Griffiths and Capt Bull.
Cloudy and still, but not cold. A little ice running. Boys fixing yard.
Cloudy and warm. Yesterday took up my beets and carrots and
buried them in my cellar. Very little ice. A great appearance
of a thaw. Never a better fall and winter so far. The ground is now
just covered with snow, but not sufficient for the slay. Boys at the yard.
Dec 19th Sunday
Cloudy and warm. Wind south. At 9 o'clock a gust out
of the Norwest with snow and cold, and then clear and cold the rest of the day.
Clear and cold wind north, but little. Ice thick today.
Very cold indeed. Snow squalls all day. Wind north and high.
Jack and Ketchum gone to look for timber for shingles. Wm & Fredk
geting wood at sugar camp. Visited Mr Bedell with Charles & Betsy.
Clear and never colder morning. But no wind. The River
closed up as far as my Interval. 12 o'clock quite moderate.
Cloudy but warm. Wind south. The ice has not made
any today, it being too warm to freeze. Like for rain
Cloudy and warm in the morning, but a gust
from the norwest brings cold and heavy snow squalls
all day. The ice increases fast and is now up to my Bar.
Dec 25th Christmas
Clear and never colder. Wind north and high.
Dec 26th Sunday
Clear and cold as ever, never colder. Wind high at north.
Clear and colder if possible. Wind not so high. The ice is
now stronger than ever known so soon after it closed. Afternoon
more moderate. Visited Mrs Griffiths. Very cold holidays.
Cloudy but still and now quite moderate weather in
the middle of the day. A little wind from the south. Visited Mr Beardsley
with a large company. Spent a very pleasant evening. Quite warm.
Cloudy, wind north but not high and quite warm. It
snowed a little today. George and Peter Bull celebrated the season
with a ball. Towards night, snows faster but very moderate.
Cloudy. Wind still no-east and warm. Misty with some snow.
Cloudy and a little snow, but quite moderate, We celebrated the
season, Captn and Mrs Bull, Mr and Mrs Bedell, Mr and Mrs Smith, Mr and
Mrs Beardsley, Mrs Wm Dibblee and mother, Mrs Griffiths, Ketchum
and betsy spent the evening with us. Night clear and cool.
Jan 1st New Year
Clear. Still and very pleasant. Never a better New Year's Day.
Jan 2nd Sunday
Very good day. Major Mooody came down.
Clear and cold, wind north and high. My children
celebrated the season with a large party at dancing.
We never knew so little snow of this time of winter, there
being more than 5 or 6 inches on the ground.
From the last date we have had most remarkable
weather. No storms of snow, rain or wind, and but one cold day
and night. There never was, since we have been in this country,
such a January. The ice strong indeed, there having been no
snow to prevent freezing. The snow is now not more than
6 inches on the ground, and the horses and sheep are continually
in the fields, scraping away the snow to get at the ground.
The cattle have for three weeks gone every day into the wood,
and, what never happened before in winter, twice they have
stayed out all day and night. Jack is now gone to Fredericton
with a load of flour. Slaying very good on the River, but
bad indeed on the land for want of snow. They are now breaking
down the ice thro' the falls, when the road will be all the
way on the River to Fredericton. This is to accommodate the troops
who are to set out next week for Canada. last night the
wind came round to the norwest, and today very high and
of course very cold. The snow for the first time drifts today.
From the last date, we have had two or three small
snow storms from the southard, but not more snow fell than
3 or 4 inches. We have had three still clear, very cold nights,
but one cold day. Never a more pleasant winter. Jack
returned from Fredericton on the 6th. 373 sailors with
their officers have now passed here for the Lakes of Canada,
and two companies of the 8th battalion. Three or four companies
more are expected to follow this week. On the 6th, I buried
Mr Wm. Abby, master in Royal Navy, who died very
suddenly at Mr. Thomas Philips' on his way up with
the sailors. It snows a little today from the south, very warm.
From the last date we have had most remarkable weather,
warm and pleasant, and scarce a cold day. William and myself
arrived this day from Fredericton with Richard in a visit.
The last detachment of troops for Canada passed here on
Monday the 21st. Mr Peter Clements with us. He carried
up to Presque Isle the officers of the last company. Feb 25th
We have this day a very heavy rain from sou-east.
The rain continued all night long. This we hope will
set the mills a going. It clears off warm and pleasant. Never
has there been such a winter. William's heifer calves Feb 21st.
The weather continues remarkable, we had one of the deepest snows this winter day before
yesterday. The snows fell 8 inches
but next day warm and pleasant. James and Phebe with Walter Davidson
and the Squire on a friendly visit with us. |
Since the last date we have had two cold nights, but fine pleasant
days. Never a better winter and spring thus far. Tuck calved
Mar 7th. The cattle go every day into the woods, the horses and sheep
into the fields, and scrape away the snow with their feet to the ground.
Apr 3rd Sunday
From the last date we have had very cold weather
for the time of year til March 31st, which was as warm as June,
and the snow melted surprisingly. April 1st equally as warm.
We never knew the snow go so fast. We tapped a few trees but the
sap ran but very little. April 2nd, warm and rains fast all
day, which almost carries off the snow from the Improvements.
William Bull came this day from Mr Allen's mill and R.
Smith from Fredericton. Travelling very bad and grows
dangerous. The ice begins to break in several places, and the River
is now rising. Deb calved, March 26th. William
brought the last load from mill yesterday. Preparing for sugar.
Clear in the afternoon, after a little frost in the
night. Boys tapped about 50 trees, and caught 1/2 barrel sap.
Wind rises from the south. Quite warm and grows cloudy.
Afternoon visited Capt. Smith with a large company. Hardly
any snow in the path. Night very like for rain.
It began to rain in the night and continues very
fast all day. Very warm. The snow is now all off the
Improvements, only by the fences. The road entirely bare.
It cleared off last night. Cold, which froze the ground
a little, and made some sap. William and George tapping
trees. Jack opened the potatoes in the lower field. Pretty
good. Getting them in. Afternoon boys gathering sap.
The River rising fast indeed, and ice breaking up.
A clear morning after some frost. Wind rises
at norwest. A middling day for sap. Tapping as fast as possible.
River rises fast. Last evening, the ice broke from my lower
Bar and ran down out of sight. The ice breaks fast.
April 8th Good Friday
A very fine morning after a still
cold night. Never a better day for sap. The boys caught 10 barrels
from a little better than 300 trees. Several jams of ice ran today.
The ice is gone no further than Dr. Larle's old place. From there
it is jammed up to my lower Bar. It has come from Capt Smith's
island, and is clear from there to the jam below me.
A clear morning after a cold night. But it
soon clouds over, with the wind at south, and like for rain.
The sap runs but not equal to yesterday. Boys moved out bag and
baggage to camp. Afternoon rains a little. The jam of ice has
broke below me and ran down. Small ice today.
April 10th Easter Sunday
It snowed last night so as to cover the
ground. Cloudy morning. Before church was out, it began
to rain fast and continued till late in the night. Very warm.
A cloudy morning morning, but it soon clears away. Warm.
Wind norwest. The ice run this morning several hours. We
suppose it came from Presque Isle. We suppose the jam of ice
below is gone thro' the falls, from the River having fell very much.
It clouded over last evening and soon began to rain and
continued chief of the night. In the morning, cloudy, but the wind
is north, and cool. 12 o'clock clear, wind high. No sap. Boys sugaring
off. The ice has run for 4 hours very thick. Jack carried out to his
place a load of Hay. Night very cold. River falls owing to the ice going.
A clear and very cold morning. It froze hard last night.
An excellent day for sap. No ice today. The wind rises at south.
All hands at camp. The boys caught 10 1/2 barrels of sap.
A little cloudy after a small frost. Wind south. A middling
day for sap. Boys sugared off 176 lb good sugar. Jack relieved Wm
last night. A jam of small ice today. Suppose it to be the last.
Preparing twine for my nets. Afternoon very like for rain.
April 15th fast day
Cloudy and very chilly. Wind sou-east and
some fine rain during the day. Boys sugared off 10 lb sugar.
Night, rain very fast and then a little snow. Some fine ice today.
A cloudy morning and cold wind north. Boys
sugared off 64 lb good sugar. Began knitting my short net.
The ice done running. There is yet a few banks of snow, about
fences, but the Improvements have been bare these 10 days.
Very little snow in the woods. Afternoon is clear and cold. Like for
good weather for sap. There is considerable frost in the ground.
April 17th Sunday
Clear and still morning after a little frost.
The wind rises at south and blows heavy. Towards night, very
cloudy and some showers. In the evening clear and remarkable
Northern Lights. The boys caught 3 barrels only of sap.
A cool morning, wind north. Some sap today. Jack
and Maria sick with the mumps. Boys caught 6 barrels today.
A very cold morning. Pretty good for sap. 8 1/2 barrels.
Wind rises from sou-east. The snow now almost gone but there is
considerable frost in the ground. River has fall these 4 days
and is too low for a good eddy by the old house. The River was
never so low at this season before. To appearances no fresh this spring.
Clear and cool. Little frost and of course little sap.
Boys boiling down. Very warm. Wind west. A good spring.
Clear and pleasant wind west. Boys boiling down.
Maria still sick but Jack had the mumps very light and has
not lost a day and only two dinners. Knitting nets.
Clear and warm. Wind light at sou-west. Boys
sugaring off. Jack and small boys clearing up the bushes.
Betsey sick. William gone after Dr Claredge towards night
and begins to rain. Evening Betsey brought to bed with
a fine boy. Finished nets. Dug the first parsnips. No frost.
A cloudy snowy morning after a severe rain
in the night. Fredk and George boiling down sap for
honey, They sugared off yesterday 108 lbs good sugar.
The River falls a little and is now just over my Bar
which we never knew at this season before. Afternoon
wind very high and cold. 12 o'clock William arrived with the doctor.
Towards night, Dr Price left here for home. Night, cold indeed.
April 24th Sunday
Clear and cold morning. Ground frozen
as hard as a rock. Wind amazing high, at north. Too cold for sap.
Clear and still, but very cold morning. Wind soon
rises at north, but not so cold as yesterday. Ketchum's sap
runs well. Ours only middling. Boys clearing above Spring.
Clear and never a warmer day in June. Wind west.
The sap never run better. The boys caught 12 barrels and have not
finished gathering. There is now in the woods considerable frost
in the ground. It is this, and two amazing cold nights, which
has made so much sap. Fixing garden. George & Fredk
boiling sap. Jack and the rest clearing above the Spring.
Mrs R Smith & Sophia drank tea with us. River rising
The snow is now all gone in the woods. Grass grows this day
finely. Ketchum's pied cow calved. Night warm indeed.
Clear and warm as yesterday. Wm, Geo & Fredk at
the camp. Jack and Henry clearing. Sowed lettuce & peppergrass.
Fixing garden. The River rising fast. The ground
dries fast and the best prospect of an early spring we ever knew.
A shower last night brought the wind to north and high.
Blows fresh all day, and cool. Boys clearing above Spring. Fredk
boiling down. Night, brought home their beer and some
things from the camp. The River is now above the alders.
Dug parsnips & onions. Fixing garden. Night cold.
A clear cold morning after a considerable frost.
William sugared off 84 lb good sugar. Brought all in from
camp. They have made this season 540 lb of excellent
sugar and a large quantity of honey and vinegar with
beer. Fixing garden. Jack gone to his place to work.
Captn Bull & lady spent the afternoon with us. Quite warm.
Clear and very warm morning. Not the least frost.
Planted cucumbers. River rises very fast, and is now
up to my Rock. Trimming currant bushes. Wm & Ketchum
began to plough on his place. Fredk & George carting dung
in the garden. 11 o'clock clouds up suddenly and begins
to rain fast. Quite warm. Grass grows finely and the
bushes are more forward than we ever knew before.
The rain if it continues long will give us a large fresh.
May 1st Sunday
Cloudy and some smart showers today. The River
rises a little. The first pig yesterday had 7 young ones.
Clear and cool, after a little frost. Wind norwest.
The River has rose 6 inches by the rain and is now upon
my Rock about 4 inches. At night, the River falls a little.
Boys began to plough above the spring. Brought in
the potatoes from the upper hole. Entirely good. Planted my
early peas. Old sow gone to Pig. Second small sow had 16
pigs first litter, after two days 11 alive. Third sow only 3.
Clear after a smart frost, which froze the ground.
The River fell last night 6 inches. It has been the lowest
fresh we ever knew if it rises no more. Got off some
old logs and fresh from the Interval. Set out turnips and
cabbage stumps. Began to spin for rope. Boys ploughing.
Cloudy morning, like for rain after some snow
in the night. Lockwood breakfasted this morrning here
on his way home. Brought the report of peace in France.
Spinning for rope. Boys ploughing potato ground for wheat.
Afternoon visited Mrs Griffith with Capt Bull & Lady. The
River fell last night above a foot, and to appearance the Fresh is over.
A cloudy morning after some rain. Thunder
and Lightening in the night. River falls. Finished
spinning for rope for nets. Boys ploughing. Jack began
to do little jobs, after being sick with a most severe cold for
5 days, which he caught when at work on his place. The
consequence, we suppose, of the Mumps. Set more turnips.
A very cloudy and 11 o'clock begins to rain fast, wind
east-no-east. Spin two more balls for rope, Afternoon
breaks away but showery. My peppergrass is now up.
Cloudy after a chilly night. The wind has come
round to the south and we hope for clear warm weather.
It has been very chilly for 8 days past, Finishd the
ground above the Spring, and then moved the garden fence
for ploughing. Too wet to plough in the field. Made
my ropes for my nets. The River rises a little from the
rain. Jack making posts for bars at the barn. Very chilly.
May 8th Sunday
A lovely morning after a severe raining night.
A cloudy morning with showers all day, and very cold. Wind
north. We have had 10 or 12 days very wet and cold weather. There has
been no ploughing, gardening or sowing, and today cold as winter.
The River has rose very much and is almost as high as at first.
William and George went out to work on his place. Night
the River done rising. It was this second time just up to my Rock.
Clear and cold morning. It froze the ground
hard last night. Jack ploughing for wheat. Fredk at
the fence. River falls but vey slowly. Fixed flower
bed, and then digging garden. Grows warmer.
A fine warm morning. Wind sou-west.
The River falls, but little, slower than we ever knew.
Jack ploughing. Set out my ?raw ropes. Burnt
the old hen house. Digging garden. Afternoon
cloudy. Took off first goose with 7 goslings. Every
egg hatched. Sundown begins to rain. Quite warm.
Cloudy rainy morning, but quite warm.
Wind sou-west. Strung my nets. Rains all day.
Afternoon some small pieces of ice running which we never
knew before at this time of the year. Bad indeed.
Cloudy morning. Wind sou-west. After we
had just got to work, it began to rain, and continues
all day. The ground was never wetter and colder than now.
Nothing grows but grass. The River neither rises or falls
from the rain, and is yet on my Interval. Bad prospect.
Cloudy but warm. Wind still at sou-west. River rises.
Sowed my cabbage plants. Jack ploughing. Wm & Fredk carting dung
above the Spring. Henry sick with the Mumps. Night very cloudy.
May 15th Sunday
Cloudy morning, wind still at sou-west
12 o'clock clear and very warm. River rises from the rain and is now
up to my Rock. Sundown begins to fall. Set turkey on 19 eggs.
Clear and very warm indeed. Everything now grows fast.
Sowed 1 1/2 bushels wheat for Ketchum. Fredk harrowing. Jack helping
Ketchum plough the side hill. Wm at the fence. Boys
began to plant potatoes in the garden. River falls very fast.
Clear and warm morning. Wind sou-west. Sowed
2 bushels of wheat above the Spring. Fredk harrowed it in. Jack &
William went to their place. 12 o'clock cloudy and soon begins to
rain, and continues all the afternoon. River falls, but
is yet on the Interval, and too high to set nets. Bad indeed.
Cloudy morning after some rain in the night.
It soon begins to rain fast. No wind. 12 o'clock a little wind
from north, and never a greater rain. The ground is covered
with water. We fear it will raise the River. Cleaning wheat.
We never had a more rainy day, and continues till 8 o'clock night.
Clear and warm morning but the wind soon rises nor-west
and high, but not cold. The River rises again. Sowed 3/4
pecks on wheat on new ground above the Spring. Fredk harrowed it in.
Clear and still after a cool night, but no frost. Sowed
1 3/4 pecks of wheat for Ketchum. Fredk harrowing. George and Harry
planting potatoes in the old garden. Night, wind rises fresh at
sou-east. Set long net where we fish for trout. River falls.
Cloudy and soon begins to rain very fast, but in an
hour breaks away, when we sowed 2 bushels of wheat on the
corn ground. Fredk harrowed it in. George and Lewis planted their
melons amd cucumbers. Planted new squash. Night rains fast.
May 22nd Sunday
A cloudy morning after a most severe rainy night
with thunder. We never had such heavy rain. It soon
begins to rain and continues very heavy all day. Never
was there so wet a season. George fetched William home.
Took up net. No fish. The water is yet too high.
A cloudy morning but warm. The wins rises from the
norwest but no cold. Ketchum ploughing Raymond field. Too
wet to sow. Cleaning wheat and mending fence. We had a bear
about us last night. The River is now rising very fast and is on
my Interval. We never knew such a long fresh. Grass and
trees remarkably forward. My peas never grew so fast.
Clear and cool but no frost, there being a thick
fog. George carried 2 bushels of wheat to William. Sowed
1 bushel of wheat on the corn ground, and 1 in the potato ground
& in the lower field. Fredk harrowed it in. Harry
planting potatoes in the old garden. The Lovely's brought
me 5 hundred cedar rails. River falls fast.
Clear and very cool but no frost. Foggy.
At the garden. Ketchum and George ploughing Raymond field.
betsy here for the first time since sick. Mr Smith
sheared part of my sheep. Wind N-west and high.
Set both nets below, but small eddies. River falls very fast.
Clear but no frost. Wind rises Nor-west and high.
No fish. Digging for beet, parsnips and carrots. Ketchum
and George ploughing Raymond field. 2 o'clock set
fire to his new ground. Burnt very well. Mr Smith
finished shearing my sheep. Fredk helping Ketchum.
Clear and warm. Wind norwest and high. No frost.
Sowed my new oats and half a bushel of Peabody's peas.
Fredk harrowed them in. Afternoon harrowing Ketchum's
new ground for wheat. Planted my parsnips, beets and
carrots. Sowed some hyssop seed. River falls fast, but no fish.
Set both nets in their eddies, now pretty good. Jack & William
at their place with his oxen. Never a better spring.
Clear and warm. Sowed 1 bushel of wheat for
Ketchum on his new ground. Planted my marrowfat peas
and some pole beans. Howed my early peas. No fish.
May 29th Whit Sunday
Cloudy. Appears like for rain. No fish.
Rains moderately all day. Nothing done. Jack
came in last night, would have gone out today but the rain
stopped him. Set both nets. The eddies now very good.
Cloudy and drizzly. Wind east and cool. Bad indeed
for the farmer. Jack and George went to his place to finish
his crop. Planted Ketchum's squashes and some of the
new squash. We have now four of the new squash in
sight, coming up. Plant more cucumbers, melons,
watermelons and my bush beans. Very wet.
No salmon. This is what never happened before.
We have always caught salmon as soon as we had an
eddy. But we have been now for ten days with
our nets out, and good eddies. But not one fish.
Afternoon, visited Mrs Bull with all our neighbours.
Cloudy wind no-east and vey chilly. Afternoon
wind gets to the east and warmer, like for more rain.
Fredk harrowing corn ground. Poled my peas. No fish.
Clear and very warm. William came in last night
having sowed 2 bushels of wheat. Finished poling my peas.
Began to plant corn. Ketchum helping William and the
boys dunging the hills. Caught one salmon, the first.
The new squash are now up. Everything now grows
finely. Grass very forward. We have had no frost for 3 weeks.
Clear and very warm indeed. Black flies were
never so troublesome. Planting corn. Planting
my pole beans. No salmon. Bad indeed. Caught a fine
mess of small fish. 12 o'clock Jack and George came in,
Jack having sowed 2 1/2 bushels of wheat and planted some potatoes.
Clear and warm. No salmon. Planting
corn. Jack ploughing. Finished planting my pole
beans. Some appearance of showers. Afternoon a fine breeze.
June 5th Sunday
We had last night 3 thunder showers
which brought the wind north and cool, and cool, but no frost.
Clear and cool morning. Planting corn. Planted
my white early potatoes, and more pole beans, and pumpkins.
Set both nets. Fine growing weather. Jack ploughing.
Finished planting corn. A fine warm day.
Caught a small salmon. Weeded my lettuce. Afternoon
Capt. Bull and Lady, Mrs Griffiths & Mrs Woodhead and
Captn Smith and Lady, Captn Upham & Lady, Mr Bedell and Lady with us.
Clear and warm indeed. Quite dry. Planting a
little more corn today. Jack ploughing. Ketchum and
William carting dung. Caught a noble salmon. Flies and
mosquitoes never more troublesome. PM very warm.
Clear and very warm. It is now very dry. Captn Turner
came from Fredericton last evening and brought the good news
that Bonaparte was dethroned. Sowed 1/2 bushel of barley and 1 1/2 of peas.
Caught 2 salmon.
Still clear and warm, wind sou-west. Sowed my
flax seed. Boys planting potatoes. Caught a large salmon.
Preparing for Prince William. We want a shower very much.
Clear and warm, wind at south and high. Sowed one
bushel of barley and buckwheat, and 4 bushels of oats. Jack and Fredk
harrowing. William and boys finished planting potatoes on the
Interval. One o'clock a fine shower from the norwest, a great
blessing. Planted more cucumbers, the grubs having eaten up
the boys first planting. Disappointed in going to Prince William.
June 12th Sunday
Clear and very pleasant, warm indeed.
Clear and very warm. Never a more growing season.
Planting potatoes in the garden. William ploughed the ground.
Clear and warm. Henry planted some corn that
was left. Planting potatoes in the old garden. Afternoon
cloudy. Jack making back fence. William last night
went to fence his wheat. Caught a noble salmon.
Cloudy morning, after a fine rain in the
night. Boys finished planting potatoes. Jack and Fredk
at the back fence. June 13th Jack sowed 2 1/4 of oats which
finished our crop, all but buckwheat. No salmon.
Clear and warm. We never had so much warm
weather so early in summer before. Caught a salmon.
Clear, wind south, like for rain. Sowed
3/4 pecks of oats, all the crop but buckwheat.
Clear and very pleasant after a small rain
in the night. Never was there more growing season.
Jack gone on Militia duty.
June 19th Sunday
Sunny, clear and warm. Quite dry.
Caught a salmon. Wind north. Dr Rice with us.
There is a great appearance of the fly which we fear
will hurt the crops of wheat.
From the last date, we have had most excessive
warm weather, till yesterday, when we had a very heavy rain,
which was a great blessing, the ground being very dry.
The wind is now very high, at north, and very cool. We
fear there will be a frost. Set out 600 cabbage plants.
Sowed our Swedish turnips. All hands gone to the
Muster, Major Morehouse and Harry being up. This is
the last day. We have caught this week 9 noble salmon.
Jack gone to Fredericton from his Militia duty.
We have had one of the wettest and coldest summers
ever experienced in this country - wretched. Soon after the
corn was up, for near three weeks, hot dry weather. This
started the corn forward surprisingly. But from that time
we have had continual very heavy rains, and as severe, almost,
as West Indian rains. The River, of course, has been very high.
And altho' a few hot days, scarce one hot night. Grass
never better, wheat especially so, no bunt, and well filled.
The fly, in the early part of the season, injured the crops of
wheat, but when the rains set in, it got ahead of them,
and altho' some fields are thin from the fly, yet the
head being very large and well filled, there is the prospect
of great crops of wheat. The people are now just beginning
to harvest. Yesterday, preached at Prince William. One
of the warmest days and nights that we have had.
Just at daylight, a very severe gust from north brought a
very cold air with it, and continued till 8 o'clock. John
Larle brought me from Major Morehouse's, altho the
wind was so high. Towards night, wind almost died
away, and we had a severe frost. Some fog in the morning
took off the principal part of the frost from us. But
Ketchum and others have suffered severely. Buckwheat
entirely killed, and the stalks of the corn, and in some
places the corn itself very much injured. We fear also
the late sowed wheat has suffered. All the settlements
from the River where there was no fog, everything that
was not ripe cut off. Bad indeeed. Potatoes never better.
Sept 15th We have had, since the last date, three very severe frosts
which has injured the late sowed wheat very much, and almost
ruined the corn, and the late planted potatoes. We greatly fear
that all kind of grain will be very scarce and high.
The fore part of the month very wet and cold, the rest to this
date, very warm and pleasant. Potatoes in general very poor.
Our potatoes good. Peas hardly worth cutting. Hardly any corn.
This month to this date, the weather remarkably
good and warm. Only one cold day and night. No ice or snow.
Yesterday, William brought 9 bushels of old wheat and
some corn from mill. Mr Wormwood began to work this day.
Cloudy, wind south and warm. Jack and Wormwood at his place.
Mr Ketchum and Fredk gone to mill, to get buckwheat ground for hogs.
Philips boat came from Fredericton today. Never better going.
Boys at school at Mr Bedells. They are now on the 3rd week.
Cloudy, wind south and quite warm. Jack and Wormwood
at the house. Ketchum and Fredk came from mill. Never better poling.
River high, being over my upper Bar. Wm making hog pen.
Still cloudy, misty and warm. Jack & Wormwood at the house.
Wm finished hog pen. Stopped the snow from drifting in by the
rafters in the garret. Afternoon, rains considerable. Very warm.
Nov 20th Sunday
Cloudy, wind in north but not cold. It rained
most of the night. Very muddy. A most excellent fall.
Cloudy and cool. Wind north, but moderate.
Jack & Wormwood at the house. Some little spits of snow today
emblem of winter. We have foddered only a little hay
up to today to the cattle. Horses and sheep get a good living, and
there being a great quantity of beech nuts, the hogs
fat as far as they would upon corn. They have not yet been
shut up. George Morehouse spent the afternoon with us
yesterday for the first time. He came up with his party
for the winter a week past. His quarters at Mr Wolvertons's.
Clear and pleasant. Major Morehouse came last evening
for me to bury Mrs Armstrong. Set out with him very early
in a birch canoe with an Indian. Arrived at 1 o'clock and buried
Mrs Armstrong at 3 o'clock, then went to the Major's for the night.
Very pleasant, a little wind norwest after some rain in
the night. Went to Mrs Davidson's. At night begins to rain.
A most severe wind at north. No moving this day.
A little more moderate, but excessive cold. At 2 o'clock
left Mrs Davidson's for Mr Allen's. Stayed all night. Cold but
no ice in the River, it being very high. Very cold night.
Left Mr Allan's early. Wind still at north, but
not so high as some days past. All the eddies froze over strong
Arrived home 7 o'clock at night. Evening still, and the ice
began to make fast, for the first time this year. Excellent fall.
Nov 27th Sunday
A cold morning. A large quantity of ice running.
Clear and not so cold. Ice very thick. Plastering.
Sally Hazelton came to work at 3 dollars a month. [From 1786, Spanish dollars were valued t 5s. in new brunswick.]
Clear and quite moderate. Warner finished plastering.
having been 5 days. Night visited Mrs Bull. Peabody's boys
brought over some bricks from the kiln, landed on the Interval.
The ice very thick and has closed back of the Island. Night cloudy.
Cloudy and snows for the first time. Wind south. Moderate.
Cloudy but not cold. It snows about 2 inches last night.
Clear and pleasant, wind no-east. Wormwood went home.
Ice not so thick. The sheep and horses peck considerable. Night cloudy.
Cloudy morning after about 1 inch of snow in the night. Wind
Norwest but not cold. The ice still runs but not thick.
Dec 4th Sunday
Cloudy but not cold. Wind south. Afternoon
begins to snow and continues all night.
Cloudy, wind north and high. It snowed last night
8 inches. The snow has made the ice very thick.
Cloudy and very windy at north. The ice is now
closing up to my Bar. Wormwood came in at ?
Clear and cold. Wind still at north. The River
now closed fast and very smooth. Wormwood at ?
Cloudy. Wind still at north but not very cold. The River
now closed fast with ice as far up as Wakefield, and no doubt
Grand Falls. We never had it shut up smoother, it having not ? in the least, and what is very singular, with less cold
we were ever sensible of before. The boys have hired ?
for two months, who began work yesterday being the 7th
December. Wormwood left here this morning having done
all the work for this winter. George fetched two bushels of ?
from Bentley's. We never had so good a fall, and the winter
equally good to this date, having been steady cold, but not severe
from the day I arrived from burying Mrs Armstrong, which was
Nov 26th, without any thaw, and with only 8 inches of snow.
It began to snow last evening and continued all night
and the whole of this day, but very moderately. Wind high
north. They now cross the River at Rogers on the Ice.
Still cloudy and snows a little all day. Wind at
west, not so high. George and Fredk gone to get wood at Mr Peabody's, for
school, and Jack to fix the room. Wm gone out to his land.
Dec 11th Sunday
Cloudy and misty. Quite moderate. Snows at night.
A little cloudy but very pleasant. Maria had her friends to a tea.
A very fine day. Killed hogs. The 6 hogs weighed 1178 lbs.
Snows a little from the norwest, but not cold. Ketchum
killed his hogs. Cut up and salted pork. Night still and clear.
A clear still cold morning. Jack went to fetch in his wheat.
Cloudy but warm, wind south. Just at night, began to snow
and continues very thick all night. Jack and Wm came in at night and
2 more teams, with all his wheat. Dr Rice stayed with us.
Cloudy but warm, wind west. It snowed last night 10 inches.
The snow is now deeper than ever we knew it so early in winter. Put
brine to my hams yesterday. Major McBay and George Morehouse
dined and stayed til 10 o'clock at night, when they went over the River.
Dec 18th Sunday
Clear and pleasant, wind north
Clear and still morning, and very cold. Jack and Ketchum
with an Indian went to get timber. William getting wood.
Clear and cold, wind north. Ketchum, Jack & Wm in the woods.
Clear and very cold night and morning. No wind. 12 o'clock moderates
Boys and Ketchum getting timber. William Bull went to Fredericton
yesterday. Married David Jackman and Rebecca Huntley.
Clear and pleasant. Married John Clark and Sarah Bull.
Cloudy but not cold. Snows a little. The ice very hard.
Very pleasant. Preparing for Christmas.
Dec 25th Sunday & Christmas
Clear and cold. A very
large congregation. Night never colder.
There are two references above to a fast day:
1813 March 19th Appointed for a fast day.
This may be the same as the article to the right, decribing a fast day for March 10th 1813, in "those parts of the United Kingdom called England and Ireland".